Hair loss is one of the most common hair problems. Generally a person loses about 50 to 100 strands of hair every day. These hairs that fall out will generally grow back in the same follicles on the head. This amount of hair loss is perfectly normal and nothing to worry about.
As you age, the chances of hair loss also increase. About 50% of people will experience hair loss by the age of 50. However, if severe hair loss occurs in your teens, there could be an underlying problem, such as a vitamin deficiency or hormonal imbalance. Fortunately, hair loss in teens is usually temporary and the hair will grow back when the problem is fixed.
What Causes Hair Loss in Teens?
There are many things that can trigger hair loss in teens. This can be related to health conditions and lifestyle. Here are some things that can cause hair loss in teens:
Boys and girls will generally experience a surge in hormones in their teens. These hormones then change their emotions, eating habits, and hair growth. Hormone-related diseases such as thyroid disease, lupus, and polycystic ovary syndrome also tend to appear during adolescence. Diseases related to these hormones can cause hair loss.
2. Lack of nutrition
Usually teenagers tend to have bad eating habits such as consuming processed foods and fast food. Teenagers who do not eat healthy foods in sufficient quantities are at risk of experiencing hair loss. Their bodies don’t get enough protein, vitamins, and minerals to supports hair growth. Some teens who go on a diet and only eat vegetables can also be at risk for hair loss if they don’t get enough protein from meat types.
3. Medical Conditions
Certain medical conditions experienced by teenagers, such as diabetes or thyroid disease, can interfere with hair production and cause hair loss. Anemia, or iron deficiency in teens, can also cause hair loss.
4. Consumption of certain drugs
Chemotherapy drugs for cancer are probably the drugs best known for causing hair loss. But it turns out that hair loss can also be caused by several other drugs, you know. For example, such as drugs used to treat acne, bipolar disorder, and ADHD. Diet pills that contain amphetamines can also cause hair loss.
Physical and emotional changes in adolescence, as well as other psychological conditions can cause various pressures that cause stress in adolescents. Stress conditions are known to be a major factor causing hair loss. When experiencing stress, usually breathing also becomes shorter. This causes less oxygen to enter the body. Likewise with oxygen that can be sent to the hair.
6. Hair styling or excessive hair styling
Teenagers usually like to try new things, including their hair. Hair treatments that use chemicals, such as hair dye, bleach, straighteners, or curling irons can cause hair damage. This causes the hair to break and fall out. Likewise with the use of hair styling tools such as hair straighteners that are too hot on the hair. You are also advised to avoid keeping your hair in a tight ponytail too often.
Trichotillomania is a psychological disorder in which a person repeatedly pulls hair. This often leaves patches of baldness on the head. People with trichotillomania usually need help from a therapist or other mental health professional before they can stop pulling their hair.
8. Alopecia areata
Alopecia is a skin disease that can cause hair loss on the head and other body parts. About 1 in 50 people experience this type of alopecia at some point in their lives, including in their teens. Alopecia areata usually starts with one or more small round bald patches on the scalp and can get bigger. In a small number of cases, people with this disease can lose all their hair. Both men and women can experience this disease and it usually starts in childhood. In this disease the hair usually grows back within a year.
How to Overcome Hair Loss in Teens
Hair loss can cause discomfort to anyone, including teenagers. However, you don’t need to worry because generally hair loss in teenagers caused by lifestyle is temporary. There are many things that teenagers can do to prevent and treat hair loss. Come on! Check out some tips to prevent and treat hair loss in teens.
Eat healthy food
For healthy hair growth, teens should eat a diet rich in protein, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats. Avoid very strict diets in your teens, as this can lead to hair loss. Eat a balanced diet with optimal calorie intake. Also try to eat more foods that contain omega-3.
Excessive stress is not only bad for hair, but also for overall health. Try doing relaxation practices like yoga to reduce stress. Get more exercise, meditate, get more sleep, and make sure to set aside time for fun with friends.
Reduce excessive hair styling
Try to reduce the use of chemicals on your hair, especially if you are a teenager. Also reduce the use of hair dryers, instead you can dry your hair with the wind.
Wash your hair regularly
Washing your hair regularly will improve follicle health and reduce hair loss. If the hair is dirty and oily, the hair follicles cannot function properly because they are clogged with dirt and oil. You can choose various hair loss care products that are sold in the market. Wash your hair gently and avoid scrubbing your hair too hard as this can damage your hair.
Take hair growth supplements
If the cause of hair loss is a lack of vitamins, you can consume more vitamins and minerals for hair loss. If you can’t get nutrients from the food you eat, try vitamins for hair growth such as hair growth supplements. Supplements for hair are usually rich in Vitamin D, Vitamin C, Biotin, Niacin, Iron and Zinc. You can also use a hair vitamin product that is applied directly to your hair.
Lifestyle changes, as well as consumption of nutrient-rich foods are some of the things that can help teenagers to overcome the problem of hair loss. If hair loss does not improve, you can consult a doctor for further treatment.